Officer Safety on the Road

Wear your body armor. Don't drive at speeds beyond your capabilities. And use your seat belt.

David Griffith 2017 Headshot

Photo: Kelly BrackenPhoto: Kelly Bracken

In this issue of POLICE Magazine, we devoted a good amount of space to a discussion of whether ballistic helmets on patrol would prevent some officers from being killed by gunshot wounds to their heads. It's possible this could be a boon to officer safety but it's not a sure thing.

One thing that will definitely improve officer safety is to change your behavior in your rolling offices. By the end of April, vehicle-related duty deaths are up 42% over last year. In some of these incidents officers were struck by vehicles outside of their cars, but most involved collisions between patrol vehicles and other vehicles or single-car accidents in which officers ran off the road into hard stationary objects such as trees or light poles or hit ditches and rolled over. These are preventable deaths.

And you need to take action to prevent any more of them.

In many fatal patrol vehicle accidents, excessive speed is a major factor. I realize that when you receive a hot call, you want to get there as quickly as possible to help. That's commendable. But you have to get there to help. You are not providing backup for your fellow officers if you slam your patrol SUV into a tree or, worse, a carload full of innocent civilians just going about their business.

It's a given that you are going to drive faster than the public, and I have no problem with that. However, there are speed limits even for you. Your speed limit on a hot call is the speed that you can safely operate your vehicle.

Excessive speed not only makes it easier for you to lose control of your vehicle, it also makes it harder for you to react to what other drivers are doing. You, like every other mindful driver, have to operate your vehicle defensively. Don't let the adrenaline you feel on a hot call make you accelerate your vehicle to the point that you can't respond to the errors of the other guy. And never operate a vehicle beyond your ability to control it.

My first message this month is: Slow down. The other is: Wear your seat belt.

During the 1980s AIDS hysteria then Surgeon General C. Everett Koop was asked for what advice he would give a couple going on a date. The interviewer expected him to say something about "safe sex." What he said instead was: "Use your seat belts."

Thirty years later because of mandatory seat belt laws and other measures about 86% of all Americans wear seat belts in vehicles. In contrast, about 50% of cops wear seat belts in their patrol vehicles. Officer safety trainers have even told me they have ridden with officers who are religious about belting in when driving their personal vehicles but never do so on patrol.

Many officers ride around without buckling up because of misguided beliefs. When many states established "click it or ticket" laws, they exempted emergency personnel. This exemption was written into these laws so that paramedics can work on people in moving ambulances. It was not intended to be a mandate that all emergency personnel should be ejected from their vehicles in case of accident. There's also the belief that an officer will be trapped in a patrol car by a jammed seat belt during an accident. This can happen, but it is easily addressed. Keep a seat belt cutter or knife within easy reach in your vehicle.

But the number one misguided belief that leads officers to endanger their lives by driving around without seat belts is the fear of being unable to get loose from the belt during an ambush. I'm not going to say this is beyond the realm of possibility, but I have spoken with dozens of officers and trainers about this issue over the years and not one can document a case of it happening. Besides, you can counter this concern very easily through training. Practice unhooking your seat belt as you roll to a stop at a scene. That way you won't be belted in inside your stopped car if someone should attack you.

Every law enforcement officer wants to go home safely at the end of his or her shift. There are several simple things you can do to substantially improve your chances of doing so. Wear your body armor. Don't drive at speeds beyond your capabilities. And use your seat belt.

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David Griffith 2017 Headshot
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