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Randy Sutton

Randy Sutton

Randy Sutton is a 33-year law enforcement veteran, a trainer, and the national spokesman for The American Council on Public Safety. He served 10 years with the Princeton (N.J.) Police Department and 23 years with the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department, retiring at the rank of lieutenant. He is an author who has published multiple books on law enforcement.
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Obama's Election Victory and the Supreme Court

Another four years of President Obama may mean Supreme Court rulings favoring the accused rather than law enforcement.

December 27, 2012  |  by Devallis Rutledge - Also by this author

Photo courtesy of Clearly Ambiguous/Flickr.
Photo courtesy of Clearly Ambiguous/Flickr.

"Elections have consequences," as the saying goes. What is the likely consequence of the re-election of Barack Obama with respect to judicial appointments, as they bear on law enforcement and public safety issues? In our business, we're trained to look for the clues. There are plenty of those to examine.

In March of 2008, Mr. Obama said, "I want people like Earl Warren on the court." The Warren court gave us decisions like Mapp v. Ohio (the exclusionary rule) and Miranda v. Arizona, among others. True to his word, during his first term in office, the President appointed Supreme Court Justices Sonia Sotomayor and Elena Kagan.

Citing her votes in cases involving juvenile crime, Miranda, and other issues, the Los Angeles Times wrote on June 8, 2010, "Justice Sotomayor is proving herself to be a reliable liberal vote on the Supreme Court." As for Justice Kagan, the New York Court Watcher characterized her record as "91% voting like a political liberal," saying that except in two cases, she has been "consistently siding with the rights of the accused."

If either Justice Antonin Scalia or Justice Anthony Kennedy (both age 76) should retire or, God forbid, die in office during the next four years, the appointment of a replacement in the mold of Warren, Sotomayor, and Kagan would give the Supreme Court a liberal majority which, based on the clues, could be expected to favor the rights of accused criminals and create new restrictions on police and prosecutors. But the Supreme Court is not the only worry.

In Mr. Obama's first term, he placed 30 judges in federal appeals courts, and 141 judges in federal district courts. Second-term appointments would presumably double these numbers, resulting in 60 appeals judges and close to 300 federal trial judges whose approach to judging would reflect the presidential aim to appoint "people like Earl Warren."

Since few cases ever reach the Supreme Court, most of the federal rulings affecting day-to-day police work—including civil liability rulings—come from the federal district courts and the federal circuit courts of appeal. Over the next four years, the Warrenesque leanings of some 350 Obama appointees could contribute to case law that significantly hampers the investigation and prosecution of crimes, and significantly increases police exposure to civil liability. But the next four years is not the only worry.

All federal judges are appointed for life. They continue to make rulings long after the president who appointed them has been forced out of office, either by the voters or, as will be the case with Mr. Obama, by the 22nd Amendment. Federal judges appointed in their 40s, 50s, and early 60s continue to influence federal case law for several decades to come. When she was sworn in, Justice Sotomayor was 55 and Justice Kagan was 50. A federal judge recently appointed in Texas was 40.

The disastrous public-safety effects of the 1960s rulings of the Warren court were seen in the explosion of violent crime in the 1970s and 80s. The full effects of federal judicial appointments occurring between 2008 and 2016 are yet to be seen, but the clues are not encouraging.

Comments (5)

Displaying 1 - 5 of 5

ken @ 12/27/2012 1:15 PM

Justice Scalia concured with the other justices in Az v. Gant / search incident to arrest and he is a conservative.

Tim @ 12/29/2012 11:58 AM

It's obvious that "snowprint" knows nothing about law enforcement and is definitely NOT an officer. So one suggestion out of so many that could be and should given to you sir/ma'am, strap on a gun and pin a badge (target) on your chest and work the streets before you offer an uneducated opinion.

[email protected] @ 12/29/2012 7:49 PM

Tim: Ditto.

James @ 12/30/2012 12:44 PM

Get over it.

Henry Finch @ 12/31/2012 8:45 AM

I believe the comment about Mayberry says it all. Some folks choose to live in a fantasy land. In that theme, some day the chickens will come home to roost and when that time comes they look to LE to save their asses. We would like to help but........

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