Visual Enhancement and the Fourth Amendment
What if an object only comes into plain view after an officer shines a flashlight or spotlight into an area, or looks through binoculars? Does this use of...
Searching “Fleeting Targets”
A fleeting targets search may be made at any time and any place where you have lawful access and PC.
Video and You
If you aren't speaking and behaving at all times in public the way you want to appear when you're uploaded on YouTube, you could have some unpleasant...
When Silence is Golden
Whenever you see or hear a suspect doing or saying something an innocent person would not, your observations should go into your reports. The...
Open Wide and Say, "Ahhh"
Under what circumstances would the Fourth Amendment allow routine collection of DNA samples upon arrest and booking? A recent Supreme Court decision...
When Miranda Doesn't Matter
Miranda warnings should not be given when they aren't legally necessary such as when information is urgently needed to protect the safety of officers...
Forced Blood From Impaired Drivers
The Supreme Court has made it more difficult for law enforcement officers to obtain the most probative evidence of impaired driving—a measure of...
Dogs, Drugs, and the Fourth Amendment
Two cases from Florida have brought the U.S. Supreme Court to two different conclusions regarding K-9 searches in 2013. One is an affirmation of...
Search Warrant Detentions
When you make a search of premises under authority of a search warrant, it is generally permissible to detain the occupants pending completion of the...
Unlawful Reaction to Unlawful Action
Let's face it—law enforcement officers sometimes make detentions, arrests, entries, or searches that run afoul of one or more of the hundreds of...