February 5, 2016
The well-trained, self-disciplined, smart law enforcement officer first tries a consensual encounter, before resorting to a detention that may...
Under the Microscope After an OIS
January 7, 2016
If, God forbid, you have to shoot someone on the job, here are some possible consequences you may find yourself enduring for the next several years, even...
December 3, 2015
There are times when "tactical language" may be the only thing some suspects respond to. But that doesn't mean profanity should be your default method of...
November 3, 2015
In the age of ubiquitous video and mushrooming oversight, how can you ensure that your use of force does not bring unwanted discredit upon you, your...
Flight and the Fourth Amendment
October 7, 2015
Sometimes, people run when they see you coming. May you chase them? If you do, does that amount to a "show of authority" constituting a detention,...
September 2, 2015
In some cases, the U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that particular searches and seizures need only "reasonable suspicion" to be constitutional—not the...
Hotel/Motel Registry Checks
August 21, 2015
A supreme court decision might have the adverse effect of making it easier for motels conspiring with criminals to thwart police...
Entries and Civil Liability
July 7, 2015
Fortunately, the Supreme Court recently overturned two federal court rulings that had exposed officers to potential liability in cases involving...
Unlawfully Prolonged Traffic Stop
June 18, 2015
Is it OK under the Fourth Amendment to turn a traffic stop into a criminal investigation? Of course it is, provided the justification for the additional...
Admonitions and Waivers
May 4, 2015
Most of your communications with criminal suspects are "unscripted" dialogue. But in certain situations it can be very important that you say the right...