Consent Entry After Refusal
The question of who can give valid consent to enter and search private premises has been the subject of numerous Supreme Court opinions.
Reduce Negative Impact of Miranda
Has Miranda v. Arizona adversely affected criminal justice and public safety? Miranda has resulted in the inability to clear a...
Constitutional Home Entry
Private residences enjoy the highest levels of Fourth Amendment protection against governmental intrusion. Here are the 10 most common ways to get inside a...
Some search-and-seizure rules are not very clear, and state and local federal courts might apply them differently. How can you be expected to pick and choose...
Visual Enhancement and the Fourth Amendment
What if an object only comes into plain view after an officer shines a flashlight or spotlight into an area, or looks through binoculars? Does this use of...
Searching “Fleeting Targets”
A fleeting targets search may be made at any time and any place where you have lawful access and PC.
Video and You
If you aren't speaking and behaving at all times in public the way you want to appear when you're uploaded on YouTube, you could have some unpleasant...
When Silence is Golden
Whenever you see or hear a suspect doing or saying something an innocent person would not, your observations should go into your reports. The...
Open Wide and Say, "Ahhh"
Under what circumstances would the Fourth Amendment allow routine collection of DNA samples upon arrest and booking? A recent Supreme Court decision...
When Miranda Doesn't Matter
Miranda warnings should not be given when they aren't legally necessary such as when information is urgently needed to protect the safety of officers...