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Search Result: U.S. Supreme Court Cases

Displaying 41  -  60  of  146

Court: Flipping Off Cops Is Constitutional

January 4, 2013
A civilian flipping off a police officer can't be cause for a vehicle stop or arrest, a federal appellate court has ruled. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the 2nd Circuit ruled that the "ancient gesture of insult is not the basis for a reasonable suspicion of a traffic violation or impending criminal activity."

Obama's Election Victory and the Supreme Court

December 27, 2012
What is the likely consequence of the re-election of Barack Obama with respect to judicial appointments, as they bear on law enforcement and public safety issues? In our business, we're trained to look for the clues. There are plenty of those to examine.

Entry to Secure

December 10, 2012

As previous "Point of Law" articles have discussed, there are four—and only four—legal justifications for entering private premises. For several reasons, the preferred authority for entry is a judicial warrant.

DNA Case Heads To U.S. Supreme Court

November 12, 2012
A convicted rapist is challenging a Maryland law that allows police to take a DNA sample from violent suspects, arguing his Fourth Amendment privacy rights have been violated.

Expanded Definition of "Search"

November 5, 2012

When the government, in an attempt to get information, "trespasses" on any of the items specifically listed in the Fourth Amendment ("persons, houses, papers and effects"), this constitutes a "search," whether or not there is any infringement of a suspect's legitimate expectation of privacy.

U.S. Supreme Court Hears Fla. Drug Dog Case

October 31, 2012
A suspect's Fourth Amendment right to grow marijuana in the privacy of a home will be tested in a Florida case the U.S. Supreme Court began hearing Wednesday.

Publicity Can Be Costly

October 10, 2012

As private citizens, reporters are not bound by the Fourth Amendment. You are. Private citizens generally can't be sued for violating someone's Fourth Amendment rights. You can. Read on.

13-Year-Old Fla. Boy Charged with Murder

September 18, 2012
A 13-year-old Florida boy faces murder charges as an adult in a case that could provide another test of sentencing rules for juveniles. Cristian Fernandez has been accused of murdering his 2-year-old half-brother and sexually abusing his 5-year-old half-brother.

Lawyers and Miranda Warnings: Either/Or?

September 7, 2012

It sometimes happens that a suspect's lawyer offers to surrender him for arrest and agrees to let his or her client be questioned, provided the lawyer is present during the interrogation.

Immigration Checks

August 2, 2012

Under what circumstances is it permissible to inquire into a person's immigration status? The Supreme Court has addressed this question in several opinions, most recently in its 2012 decision reviewing Arizona's immigration statutes.

Innocent Behavior Can Be Suspicious

July 10, 2012

If you articulate circumstances that are suspicious, based on your training and experience, you should not be second-guessed by judges on the ground that the conduct you considered was just a combination of innocent acts.

3 Exceptions to Warrants for GPS Tracking

July 5, 2012
The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that law enforcement personnel must obtain a search warrant prior to installing a GPS unit or similar tracking device on a vehicle. Let's review the exceptions to this ruling.

Supreme Court Reins In Ariz. Immigration Law

June 25, 2012
The U.S. Supreme Court gave ammunition to supporters and detractors of Arizona's tough immigration law, which was left partially in tact by a ruling that's not likely to be the final word on the subject.

Supreme Court Bars Life Without Parole for Teen Killers

June 25, 2012
The Supreme Court ruled on Monday that states may not impose mandatory life sentences without parole on juveniles, even if they have been convicted of taking part in a murder.

Supreme Court Rules On Cocaine Sentencing

June 21, 2012
The U.S. Supreme Court on Thursday ruled that two Chicago drug dealers should have been sentenced under a 2010 law that reduced the disparity of sentencing for crack and powder cocaine.

Ariz. Governor Wants Police Ready To Enforce Immigration Law

June 14, 2012
The U.S. Supreme Court could rule as early as Monday on the future of Arizona's controversial immigration law Senate Bill 1070, and Gov. Jan Brewer wants to make sure law enforcement is ready.

Suggestive Eyewitness ID

May 9, 2012

Identifying the perpetrator and clearing innocent suspects are crucial goals of every criminal investigation, and both depend on the use of reliable evidence. The Supreme Court has applied a constitutional due process test to the admissibility of testimony about an eyewitness's pretrial ID.

U.S. Supreme Court Hears Ariz. Immigration Law

April 24, 2012
The U.S. Supreme Court will hear oral arguments about Arizona's tough immigration law on Wednesday in a landmark case expected to provide clarity about whether states can enforce federal immigration laws.

Miranda: When Custody Isn't "Custody"

April 4, 2012

Of the 55 subsequent Supreme Court opinions on Miranda issues, 14 have involved attempts to clarify the meaning of "custody," and in 12 of those 14, the Supreme Court reversed the decisions of state and federal appellate courts, which got it wrong.

Supreme Court Upholds Jail Strip Searches

April 2, 2012
Corrections personnel may perform a routine strip search on any person arrested or detained before admitting them to a jail, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled on Monday.
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