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Search Result: Point of Law

Displaying 61  -  80  of  143

Sixth Amendment Revisited

July 22, 2009

Plaintiffs’ attorneys may now seek to maintain lawsuits against officers and their agencies for eliciting incriminating statements from a defendant in certain situations.

Vehicle Searches: Incident to Arrest

June 1, 2009

After Apr. 19, officers and agencies could incur liability for vehicle searches incident to arrest that do not fall within the Gant guidelines.

Saving Money Through Training

May 1, 2009

Officers who fall behind on core training and who stop getting regular updates on recent case law become a civil liability to themselves and their employers.

Updating Weapons Frisks

April 1, 2009

Although it's common to see the term "stop and frisk," it's possible that there might be justification for a stop, but not for a frisk.

Official Misinformation

March 1, 2009

What the exclusionary rule has actually meant in practice is that thousands (maybe millions) of criminals have been able to stop the prosecution from using critical evidence of their guilt to hold them accountable for their crimes.

To Keep and Bear Arms

February 1, 2009

Before traveling to another state where you intend to carry off duty, do a little research and inquire about local laws regulating firearms possession on private property.

Non-Custodial Stationhouse Interrogations

January 1, 2009

Because warnings are only required prior to custodial interrogation, one way to minimize the adverse impact of Miranda on investigations is to try to conduct interrogations whenever possible in non-custodial settings.

The Young and the Arrestless

December 1, 2008

Notwithstanding the explosion of youth criminality, the court has largely continued to treat juvenile offenders in a more lenient and paternalistic fashion than adults.

Keeping up with Case Law

November 1, 2008

Much of what I learned in basic academy in the late 1960s is no longer good law. If I were still operating on the basis of 40-year-old understandings, I wouldn't be very effective.

Entrapment

October 1, 2008

"The first duties of the officers of the law are to prevent, not to punish crime. It is not their duty to incite to and create crime for the sole purpose of prosecuting and punishing it." — U.S. Supreme Court, Sorrells v. U.S.

No Explanation Required

September 1, 2008

In your search warrant affidavits, your reports, and your testimony you have to lay out the basis of your suspicions and justify every detention, arrest, search, seizure, entry, and use of force.

Pinpointing the Right to Counsel

August 1, 2008

Ever since the 1964 U.S. Supreme Court decision in Massiah v. U.S., it has been the rule that any statements about a crime that were deliberately elicited from the suspect by a government official or undercover agent, after the Sixth Amendment right to counsel had “attached” and been asserted, could not be used at trial to prove guilt.

Civil Liability and Protected Speech

July 1, 2008

You must act with considerable discipline and restraint when loudmouths try to demean and upset you with offensive language and gestures.

Fourth Amendment Supremacy

June 1, 2008

Evidence discovered during a search incident to an arrest supported by PC is not suppressible in the majority of state courts.

The Crime-Charging Gap

April 1, 2008

Just because a prosecutor declines to file or a grand jury declines to indict does not necessarily mean there has been a bad arrest. Proving guilt in a criminal trial requires the prosecutor to meet a much higher burden than the arresting officers, by proving the charges beyond a reasonable doubt.

The Bruton Rule

March 1, 2008

In many cases, two or more crooks commit crimes together. When you catch them, you'll generally do your best to get admissible confessions from them. Arresting multiple suspects can actually give you better chances to obtain statements.

Residential Entry After Outdoors Arrest

February 1, 2008

There are four ways to make a lawful entry into a private home. Notice that "entry incident to outdoors arrest" is not on the list of lawful ways to get inside a residence. In three separate cases, the U.S. Supreme Court has held such entries to be unconstitutional.

Unmixing Mixed-Up Concepts

January 1, 2008

How many times have you heard the expression "PC for the stop"? How about the application of Miranda once the suspect is "not free to leave?" These are common examples of improper mixing that can undercut the case against a guilty perpetrator.

Full Disclosure

December 1, 2007

Two of the basic questions you have when you write an investigative report are "What to put in?" and "What to leave out?" Although these are legitimate questions-because you normally couldn't possibly write down everything you know about a case-it's important to understand that certain things you might consider leaving out should actually be included.

Setting Up Talks

November 1, 2007

One of the most troublesome legal issues in law enforcement is the question of when an officer may resume discussions with a suspect after some kind of Miranda "history" has occurred. The answer is, "It all depends."

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