Trouble finding an officer is typical of off-duty incidents. That's the first thing we must understand in order to prepare ourselves for the unexpected off-duty encounter: They can happen at any time anywhere.
Non-cops might generously color such cognitive powers as acts of "intuition;" others less taken with the idea of extra sensory perception are more apt to dismiss them as some form of "profiling." By any name, Investigator Christopher Scallon had it working for him the night of April 15, 2007.
Citizen video captured St. Louis Police officer Dustin Ries striking a man with a retractable baton, using pepper spray and handcuffing the man at about 2:30 a.m. on New Year's Day at a Shell gas station, after the subject told the officer to, "Shut Up."
As the officer got into his Dodge Ram truck, the man with the duty belt started firing on his vehicle. Thornton lay down along the front seat as glass from his truck's windows shattered around him. He kept peering up to check the assailant's location.
If for no other reason than the protection of yourself and your loved ones, you need to practice off-duty firearms tactics. And it's in your agency's best interests to provide you with the necessary skills.