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Departments : The Winning Edge

Perfecting Your Handgun Grip

Grip that gun as if your life depended on it, because someday it just might.

July 07, 2010  |  by Michael T. Rayburn - Also by this author

Editor's note: View our gallery, "How to Grip Your Gun."

Most of us will agree that properly gripping a firearm is an important element of fundamental shooting skills, but what is the "proper" way to grip a handgun? Over the years this question has spurred debate and controversy.

Preventing Malfunctions

Most firearms instructors will agree that you need to have a firm grip on the firearm, especially since most, if not all, of the country has made the switch to semi-autos. Having a firm grip on a semi-automatic handgun is key for a couple of reasons, the most important of which is to avoid what's commonly called "limp wristing" the gun. When a shooter has a weak or loose grip on the semi-automatic handgun, it usually results in the firearm not cycling properly, causing the gun to jam.

A semi-auto pistol uses the energy from the round that was just fired to blow back the action/slide on the gun. In order for this to happen properly, the shooter has to offer resistance against the action of the slide being blown backward. If not, the entire gun will move and may cause the gun to jam for a variety of reasons.

It could be because the expended shell casing is not ejected properly, there is a failure to feed the next round from the magazine into the chamber, there is a double feed (two rounds attempting to enter the chamber at once), or the slide will not go all the way forward to bring the gun back into battery.

Clearing a jam and bringing the gun back into battery on the firing range is one thing, but wasting valuable seconds in the middle of a gunfight to clear a jam is not a good thing. It is therefore important to have a firm, solid grip on the firearm so your gun doesn't jam in the first place. How firm? As tight as you can squeeze it, called a convulsive grip. Grip that gun as if your life depended on it, because someday it just might.

This is where the controversy, and sometimes downright nastiness among some firearms instructors, comes in. We want officers to have a firm, solid grip on the firearm so the semi-auto handgun can function as it's designed to. We follow those instructions by telling officers to "slowly squeeze the trigger rearward until the round goes off and it's a surprise to you," and then to "pull the trigger straight back."

At least that's what most firearms instructors will say. I disagree with this advice, and I'll tell you why.

Debunking Trigger Control Theory

Let's first discuss the command to "slowly squeeze the trigger rearward until the round goes off and it's a surprise to you." First off, you are sending lethal projectiles downrange. That gun should never go off as a surprise to you. You should know exactly when each and every round goes off, whether you're on the firing range or out on the street.

Secondly, in order to "slowly squeeze the trigger rearward," you have to loosen your grip, which goes against the advice for holding that tight, convulsive grip that we've just discussed as being so important to the proper operation of the handgun. If you don't believe me, try this for yourself.

Take a safe and empty firearm, and squeeze the grip as tightly as you can. As you're squeezing the grip as tight as you can, attempt to slowly squeeze the trigger rearward. As you slowly squeeze the trigger rearward, you'll feel the rest of your hand slightly loosen up on the grip. You can't physically exert maximum energy on the grip with your hand and expect your finger to act independently from the rest of your hand to slowly squeeze the trigger.

Don't Fight Nature

Some instructors will tell you that it's OK to loosen your grip slightly to have the proper trigger control. The problem with this theory is that we have a natural tendency to clench our fists under stress, especially under the high stress of an officer-involved shooting. In two separate officer-involved shootings in Michigan, officers recounted how tightly they had gripped their handguns.

In one incident, an officer's hand hurt so much that he assumed he had been shot in his hand. After the shooting, he tried to find the injury. As backup officers arrived on the scene, he had them check his hand for the painful injury he felt. There was no injury: He had squeezed his handgun so tightly during the shooting that he had strained the muscles and tendons in his hand.

Comments (11)

Displaying 1 - 11 of 11

cdswanson @ 7/9/2010 5:35 AM

I teach my students to press the trigger "smoothly," which does not necessarily mean slowly. Most people cannot achieve a smooth trigger press with a death grip on the gun. And, as we are humans and not immovable metal, we might have a vise-like grip, but that does not mean the bullet is going to hit the target. If we are involved in a shooting where the distance is upclose and personal, then sights, trigger, and grip don't matter, speed does, but you still have to hit the target to stop the threat. Oh, and a vise-like grip can be achieved by people with big, meaty hands, but those of us with smaller hands have to find what works for us.

drettenbacher @ 7/9/2010 1:16 PM

I really enjoyed your article and fully agree with it. However, until we change our annual firearms qualification there will be a marksman and the tactical shooting part. I would suggest that most shooters will have a problem getting a passing score from 25 yards if they do not squeeze the trigger. As a firearms instructor, I would like to see more emphasis on tactical shooting and less on long range marksman shooting. However, I don't think we should stop to teach long range shooting skills with handguns.

mwcpd066 @ 9/29/2010 3:52 PM

As a F/A instructor myself we teach students to grip the gun with their non gun hand and keeping a more relaxed grip with the gun hand. This allows for the shooter to actively reset the trigger after the shot. A white knuckle death grip is not necessary and if the shooter doesnt lock thier wrist the gun can still malfunction. Over gripping the gun also causes misses, and we are responsible for every round we send. I do like the notion of having your thumbs pointing towards the target as this grip style is a great aid in combat shooting. The notion of not paying attention to the trigger pull during training is flawed because you should train as you fight. Eerything should be the same. FWIW steve

D Waltman @ 10/19/2013 8:54 AM

I don't know if I've ever disagreed more with a 30 year expect... Most of his points were bits of common instruction and taken to an extreme. If I was in a actual class and this clown was the instructor, I would simply get up and walk out. Not a second of my time would be taken by him any further.

guy @ 2/20/2014 12:57 PM

this is the most retarded thing I have ever read on proper shooting!

Jim P @ 4/22/2014 11:45 AM

This theory should not be an article in Police Magazine. Gripping a weapon the way you present it, is leading people in the wrong direction for proper technique. Your theory that trigger control is not important is flat out wrong. Trigger control is by far the name of the game. Here is a little excercise I do to shooters that are gripping in the fashion you present as correct. Stick your trigger finger and thumb out to make the fake gun like we did as kids. Now squeeze tight with the other fingers. For most people they can no longer hold their trigger finger out straight and loose control of it. Not to mention the burning sensation in the hand and forearm.Now loosen the grip and feel how much more control you have of your trigger finger. Your poor students must have to rub Bengay on their forearms after a day at the range. Trigger contol is 80 percent of the game and grip shoud be 60 percent support hand and 40 percent strong hand.

Iulian @ 5/15/2014 2:43 AM

I may catch some flak but this guy knows what he says. This is the right grip to use under stress. There is no 70/30, 60/40 BS. For your information watch Phil Motzer (who applies the same theory) from Crucible (one of the most respected firearms schools in the world) shooting with this grip. Go to Paladin Press and buy Combat Handgun video and watch it. After you wach it and understand how it works, you will be a believer. Please, don't be close minded, give it a chance. A close mind will kill you on the street.

Majoragencyinstructor @ 4/27/2015 9:04 PM

I have to say that if I read this article yesterday I would have been raising the BS flag. I went through training today from an instructor that teaches this. After running tests I was blown away by the results. The strong hand controls the recoil. Try testing it out yourself I promise you will have a paradigm shift. My shooting improved dramatically. I'm speaking about quick round after round hitting exactly where I want.

KyCountryBoy @ 4/2/2016 3:33 AM

The logic used by the author in this article is reminiscent of that of the ill informed gun control advocates. Poorly constructed and twisted to suit their needs. "Well, the trigger only goes straight backward and straight forward; there is no other way to pull it."....this is a perfect example of the ridiculous and completely incorrect thinking used throughout the entire piece. Of course your trigger shouldn't move any way but forwards and backwards, but you can and WILL pull your firearm off target if you don't practice your trigger control correctly, no matter how hard you hold the weapon. There is no comparison between even the strongest of men's grip and a vise. Teaching that being in a shootout makes it OK to practice improper technique is going to get people killed. If you train enough, the small details will become muscle memory, and you won't need to think. This is what keeps Officers alive in combat situations. Nothing else. Train constantly, then train some more. Not to speak ill of any Officer, but the ones mentioned in this article more than likely only trained enough to pass their forces requirements (which is very common). Otherwise, they wouldn't have reacted like an inexperienced shooter when TSHTF. If you want to do something right, you have to practice. To teach people how to do it the "easy way" and skip all the training is teaching them how to get themselves killed.

Rick Lindsey @ 5/23/2018 2:51 PM

I realize I am responding to an article that's almost 8 years old... Some of us are just slow starters!
Re: the article about tight grip. It's still amazing that so many people will say that you are wrong, or right. The real test is whether you finish with a "right-to-brag" target or your shooting neighbor wondering how he got 11 holes on his target from a ten round magazine. To all of this I say Thank you. I have gone over the wall and now carry a 45 which is demanding a lot more control. The real problem is I am a lefty and in addition to recoil I am faced with a lot of twist out of my hand. Hence my quest to learn more.
Again, Thanks,
Rick Lindsey

Bundespolizist @ 9/18/2018 11:08 AM

Greetings from Germany.

Here, we are taucht to grip the gun just very hard, not like 60/40. And it works perfectly. Smooth, but fast trigger draw is ok for us even if we dont train that often...

Gun : HK P30 LEM

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