Prolific firearms writer, weapons instructor, and law enforcement officer Massad Ayoob has spent his professional career analyzing the dynamics of police work. Now Sabre Defence, a relatively new manufacturer of AR-15-style weapons, has introduced the Massad Ayoob XR15A3 Elite Rifle. Built in collaboration with the famed expert, the carbine has all of the features that savvy law enforcement officers need and want.
Sabre Defence has been building AR-15-style rifles at its manufacturing plant near London for years. The guns are bought primarily by law enforcement agencies and contractors. They are also still legal to own in countries like France, Spain, Germany, and the Netherlands. But recently the company has become more prevalent in the United States.
Owner Guy Savage was looking for a source for barrels when he found RAMO in bankruptcy court three-and-a-half years ago. Eight years of systematic dismantling of our military by the Clinton administration had cost the Nashville-based barrel maker its bread-and-butter military contracts.
Savage purchased the company, nothing really more than a building and some machinery. His timing couldn’t have been better. The war in Iraq and actions in Afghanistan have created enough demand for Savage to now employ more than 70 full-time employees at his 35,000-square-foot facility. In fact, when you see U.S. military vehicles or aircraft armed with a Browning .50 machine gun, you can virtually guarantee that its three-piece, Stellite-lined barrel was made by Sabre.
In just three years, Sabre’s U.S. sales have tripled and the company is now looking for product diversification. The law enforcement market seemed to be a natural fit for the company.
“I first ran across their stuff while at an AR-15 armorers school taught by Greg Lee,” Ayoob said in a recent phone interview. “One comment stands out in my memory. Sabre had supplied all the ARs for the class, and one veteran police armorer said, ‘My God, if Rolex made AR-15s, this is what they'd look like!’"
Ayoob put in a request for a test rifle with the Sabre Defence representative and was surprised to get a call a few days later from Guy Savage. It turns out that Savage had been one of Ayoob’s students when he was still teaching in England and Ayoob had been unaware of Savage’s involvement with the new company. With their friendship renewed, Savage flew to New Hampshire and had his old instructor spec out what he thought would be the perfect law enforcement long gun.
Sabre Defence manufactures its own receivers at the company’s Nashville plant using modern CNC machinery and high-quality 7075-T6 forgings. That puts them in the minority as a manufacturer of AR rifles. Most of the companies that call themselves manufacturers are really more assemblers and have their receivers built by an outside supplier.
Barrels are much the same story. Even fewer AR “manufacturers” actually make their own barrels. But Sabre Defence has many specialized machines to perform deep hole drilling and both cut and button rifling. My XR15A3 wears a 16-inch fluted 410 stainless barrel. It has been heavily bead blasted for a matte, non-reflective finish. Sabre rifles this barrel with a 1:8-inch twist so that it can shoot the heavier bullets—like the popular 75-grain rounds—more accurately.
The Ayoob Elite’s barrel is fluted underneath the rail handguard and again in front of the front sight tower. I spoke with Grant Morgan, a technician at Sabre Defence, and he says that there are multiple reasons for the fluting. By cutting flutes in the barrels’ exterior it adds surface area, which makes the barrel, at least in theory, more rigid. Increased surface area also allows more rapid cooling of the barrel. But, Morgan says, “The biggest advantage to the fluting is the weight reduction. By removing metal from the barrel we give the carbine a much better balance.”
Sabre uses a midlength gas system on the Ayoob Elite. I think this design was originated by Armalite, but I’m glad to see that Sabre Defence is using it on its 16-inch carbine because it makes a lot of sense. The shorter the gas tube is, the higher the port pressure. Increased gas port pressure will result in a host of cycling, extraction, and ejection problems and is also thought to shorten the life of the weapon. The midlength tube is halfway between carbine length and rifle length and its added length drops gas port pressure dramatically.
Another benefit of the midlength gas tube on a 16-inch carbine is that the handguard is a little longer. Sabre uses a Samson free-floating, four-rail handguard for mounting optics and accessories onto the weapon. Each rail position is marked with a small white number that is also visible with night vision goggles.
Sighting equipment on the Ayoob Elite carbine includes a Yankee Hill folding front sight and detachable rear sight. Both lock into place and require depressing a button to fold down the sight. For low-light and night use, both the front and rear sights have tritium inserts. Sabre also includes a night vision-compatible EOTech 552 holographic sight with this carbine. I like this sight a lot and find it very fast and effective at any targets under 100 yards.