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Mark Rivera

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Mark Rivera, Customer Retention Manager and CJIS Security Compliance Officer with Vigilant Solutions, served for sixteen years with the Maryland State Police, retiring at the rank of First Sergeant with thirteen of those years at the supervisory and command level. He holds a Master of Science Degree in Management from The Johns Hopkins University and Secret clearance through the FBI, Baltimore.

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Columns : The Federal Voice

You Have the Right to Record

Congressional paranoia has sparked a new bill that could hinder federal investigations and lead to the posting of subject interviews on YouTube.

October 25, 2013  |  by Jon Adler

Photo via ClintJCL/Flickr.
Photo via ClintJCL/Flickr.
Before retreating into their undeserved summer recess, Congress decided to launch a bill targeting federal law enforcement officers. The Citizens Empowerment Act (H.R. 2711) is an attempt to thwart criminal investigations by launching them into the court of YouTube.  

H.R. 2711 would require federal officers to serve written notice to people under investigation that they are entitled to record interviews with the officers. The House majority attempted to minimize the import of this reckless proposal by asserting feds only have to provide notice if they hand "written materials" to the subject.

In response to this mind-numbing assertion, the Federal Law Enforcement Officers Association (FLEOA) attempted to go line by line with the bill's supporters as to why the bill is fatally flawed.

Starting on page 2, lines 16 and 18: The words "target of enforcement actions" are problematic. "Enforcement actions" refers to arrest and search warrant scenarios, surveillance, protection details, and certain undercover agent actions. The interview process does not necessarily entail any of the above enforcement actions, yet criminal investigators will routinely show documents to a subject. This is also true in the case of a witness who may become a subject based on evidence obtained during the investigation.

Are we expected to halt the interview process and allow the subject to run to Best Buy to purchase a recording device? I think the purpose of the bill, as written, is unclear as to its true intentions. The conduct of federal law enforcement officers is already investigated. So we don't need this.

Looking at Page 2, lines 22 and 23: Why not exempt federal law enforcement officers and prosecutors here. This would solve the problem in one sentence change.

On Page 3, line 4: we do not consent to the recording of our in-person or telephonic interaction. This will make a mockery of the investigative process. Sensitive investigations will wind up on YouTube. The potential harm this could cause an investigation is profound. The grand jury process is secretive for a valid purpose and should not be seen as reality TV. All of the evidence obtained by the government is already disclosed to the subject through discovery.

Going to Page 3, lines 7 through 16: what exactly is meant by "written materials provided?" If we're executing an arrest warrant and I hand a copy of the warrant to the subject, am I also supposed to hand that subject a written notice of the right to record our interaction? Do I pause the arrest and allow the subject to grab a recording device before attempting to speak to him? Does this bill intend to change the Miranda warning and now require us, in written form, to add "You have the right to record all of our interactions?" Does the same apply to the execution of a search warrant?

Timing is critical to interviews and enforcement actions, and can impact officer safety and investigative discretion. Once we serve the proposed written notice, a grand jury investigation transitions into a circus quest. The transmittal of an audio recording in the social media realm can impact the cooperation of prospective witnesses and affect the safety of officers and agents conducting related investigative acts in other states. It can also spur news media speculation that could taint a prospective jury pool.

What happens if during the post arrest process, a subject decides to cooperate but insists on taping the interview? During the interview, certain investigative disclosures may be made, as well as questions to ascertain the veracity of the subject's cooperation. Subsequent to the interview, if the subject changes his or her mind regarding cooperation or decides to exploit this recording process as a ruse to obtain additional information from investigators, how can we contain the damage a release of this recording may cause? We use a variety of interview techniques and we do not want this broadcast to the criminal element at large.

FLEOA has received no response from the bill's authors regarding these questions and concerns. If certain members of Congress are inclined to target the White House for questionable policies, practices, and actions, they shouldn't do so by smacking federal officers who risk their lives to keep our citizens and institutions safe.


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