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IACP Releases New Report on Citation in Lieu of Arrest

April 08, 2016  | 

Today, the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) released Citation in Lieu of Arrest: Examining Law Enforcement's Use of Citation Across the United States — a comprehensive report documenting law enforcement's current use of citation in lieu of arrest.

Supported by the Laura and John Arnold Foundation, research was conducted to provide the law enforcement community and other criminal justice stakeholders with a reference point for information about citation practices around the United States. This was accomplished by examining 40 years of academic literature on the topic of citation use; conducting a nationwide survey of law enforcement agencies on their practices and perspectives on citation; and conducting a series of focus groups with diverse law enforcement professionals.

While calls to increase citation use may seem like a change in practices, research found that 87% of law enforcement agencies use citation, with almost 81% of those agencies using the practice for 10 or more years. This data is significant in showing that the law enforcement profession has long supported alternatives to arrest, but also highlights the need to know if and when citation in lieu of arrest works best and how best to implement citation policies to achieve these outcomes.

With community-police relations in the spotlight and key policy groups recommending the increased use of citation, this report highlights the importance of studying the use and impact of citation policy, measuring its effectiveness in maximizing public safety and minimizing recidivism, weighing the costs and benefits, and examining officer safety issues before recommending changes in citation procedures or increase in citation use.

To view a copy of the report, visit

About the International Association of Chiefs of Police

The International Association of Chiefs of Police is the world's largest association of law enforcement executives with over 26,000 members in more than 130 countries. The IACP addresses cutting edge issues confronting law enforcement through advocacy, programs, and research, as well as training and other professional services.

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Comments (2)

Displaying 1 - 2 of 2

Robert @ 4/11/2016 3:01 PM

No comments about this article...

Fewer arrests, fewer violent arrests...better officer safety. Seems like a win-win for everyone...until, you look at the situation from the PBA/Union side.

Fewer arrests, fewer jail cells needed...fewer correction officers & Sheriffs deputies needed...fewer dues paying members.

So I really surprised this board has not erupted in:
1. Liberal think tanks don't know anything about real policing.
2. Chiefs of Police are so far removed from the field...that they know nothing.
3. This does not work in the real world.
4. Obama (or DOJ) don't know anything.
Tough to come up with a Top 10 excuses or arguments against this one...Oops...I forgot #5

5. The video is a hoax / fake.

#5 doesn't really fit...but I just had to use it!!

Ok then @ 4/13/2016 6:46 AM

Saying that you don't lock people up for certain offenses sounds lovely in the evening paper, but a year or so down the line when you have stacks unpaid and unanswered summons you have do something, so you are back to arresting them as it was before all this silliness began.

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