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Bob Parker

Bob Parker

Lt. Robert Parker served with the Omaha (Neb.) PD for 30 years and commanded the Emergency Response Unit. He is responsible for training thousands of law enforcement instructors in NTOA's Patrol Response to Active Shooters courses.



Jose Medina

Jose Medina

Officer Jose Medina is an active member of the Piscataway (N.J.) Police Department's SWAT team and runs Awareness Protective Consultants (Team APC) tactical training.
SWAT

Strength in Numbers

Amid a surge in line-of-duty deaths, SWAT teams have the benefit of deploying with fellow officers, unlike many one-officer patrol units.

October 17, 2007  |  by Robert O'Brien - Also by this author

Last month, there were two separate deadly police shootings in the same week, resulting in multiple police casualties.

The first shooting happened in Odessa, Texas, where a 58-year-old "Vietnam vet" ambushed and murdered three Odessa officers with deadly accurate shotgun blasts to the head. Four hours later, the barricaded suspect was wounded and captured by SWAT. The entire Odessa, Texas, region is in mourning for the first-ever officers shot and killed there. I watched a nationally televised high school football game, where the entire Odessa team displayed "OPD" on their helmets, honoring the slain officers.

The second shooting took place in Florida's Dade County, where four Miami-Dade police on a burglary detail pulled over a vehicle. The occupant ran inside a building and emerged firing an AK-47, killing one officer and wounding three others. The massive manhunt that ensued ended 12 hours later when SWAT cornered and killed the 21-year-old suspect in a second shootout.

In both tragic cases, officers were felled by cold-blooded murderers, firing high-powered weapons with deadly accuracy—without warning. In the months ahead, both tragedies will be analyzed for lessons that might help prevent future tragedies.

Sadly, these are only two incidents during this year's surge in deadly attacks on American police. The latest statistics show during the first six months of 2007, 101 police were killed in the line of duty, the highest death rate since 1978. This is an alarming 44-percent increase over 2006, with an even more alarming 59-percent increase in firearms deaths and on track to surpass 2006's entire year total of 145 deaths.

This "surge" of officer deaths comes after three decades of a downward trend. Police "experts" tout a number of reasons for the decrease: better training and tactics, body armor, improved medical care. These same "experts" are on record stating that statistics prove one-officer cars are "safer" than two-officer cars, because an officer alone has fewer "distractions" than with a partner, plus there are more units on the street, with backup only a radio call away.

But I seriously doubt this view is shared by street cops. They're the ones who face the dangers on the street, and who are dying in increasing numbers. Ask any street cop, and he or she will tell you two is safer than one, and more is safer than few. Why is it that SWAT, which handles the highest-risk missions, is safer than patrol? The answer is simple: SWAT employs the military principle Sun Tzu wrote 2,500 years ago. The more odds are in your favor, the better your odds are for victory. The same is true in policing. But I forget myself—police aren't military, nor are police fighting any war; this, according to certain so-called "experts."

If police in America are not in a war, then why are more than 17,000 names of fallen police officers engraved in the National Law Enforcement Memorial in Washington, D.C.? And why is 2007 on track to become the deadliest year for police in more than three decades? The fact is police are engaged in a deadly, dangerous form of war known as "low intensity conflict," and in areas of some U.S. cities, a form of "urban guerilla warfare." Regardless of what police detractors say to the contrary, the majority of police and of the American public understand the truth about this ongoing war against violent criminals.

This low intensity, urban guerilla warfare is what led to the creation of SWAT 40 years ago. Begun in Los Angeles, SWAT spread throughout America, and today is firmly entrenched as the police vanguard against violent criminals. It is said the best form of flattery is imitation, and today, street officers across the nation are adopting proven successful "SWAT" tactics.

Returning to the one- vs. two-officer car debate, what's crystal clear is two is better than one, three is better than two, four is better than three, and so on. For 2,500 years Sun Tzu's principle has proven true countless times, and SWAT has wisely adopted it with remarkable success.

SWAT officers across the nation can readily cite numerous situations where "show of force" took the fight out of violent criminals. Suspects who "take on" SWAT almost always lose because SWAT employs proven, sound strategy and tactics. SWAT knows it has to win every time, because who bails out SWAT if they lose? However, SWAT cannot be everywhere—a realization that took the deadly Columbine rampage to learn from.

In the real world, most police continue to work alone, with their survival dependent on themselves and luck. Those working two-officer units have better survival odds. And SWAT has the best survival odds of all. Patrol faces unknown danger, while SWAT faces known danger. Which is more dangerous? The one you face today.

Regardless of assignment, survival is the goal. And regardless of assignment, being ready is the key to survival (along with a little good luck). Remember, the life you save might be your partner's, or your own.


Comments (1)

Displaying 1 - 1 of 1

HECTOR ALCAZAR JR @ 10/18/2007 7:41 AM

I commend you for pointing out the obvious, or maybe it isn't. It's too bad that in this day and age after years of documented tragic evidence, "COMMON SENSE" is not so common. In 13 years I've worked for 3 seperate LE agencies in 5 different asignments. The one thing they've all had in common is "past practice". The answer to most scenarios when questioning the continued validity, effectiveness or reasonableness of a departmental directive is "PAST PRACTICE????" Their seems to be an absence of common sense in some chains of command and departmental practices. My wife is a school teacher and recently I've been speaking with her about school safety. Given the numerous deadly assaults by students, adults and now terrorists threats, their is a reasonable need for concern. But her district like so many others are unfortunately in the pre Columbine mindset of "THAT KIND OF STUFF ONLY HAPPENS IN THOSE PLACES AND WOULDN'T HAPPEN HERE." My question to all LE agencies, schools or businesses is how many more people 25, 100, 1,000 need to die before we introduce REASON and ACCOUNTABILITY into our decision making process????????????

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