Despite the millions of dollars spent at a rate per student much higher than in other states and numerous failed attempts to raise the standards, state and local school systems in California are now ranked among the lowest in the U.S.
California student achievement ranks alongside the poorest systems in the Deep South. The blame for this can be shared among many people, but I would say that poor revisionist curriculum and the retention of sub-standard teachers are largely at fault. The powerful California teachers union perpetuates these problems. Because of their non-academic political agenda, the school curriculum is manipulated and poor performing teachers are retained.
I've recently observed that sources of gang-officer training and gang schools have proliferated throughout the U.S. However, if you're looking for good gang training, remember all gang training is not equal. Like the California school system, many of these sources suffer from poor curriculum and sub-standard instructors.
Lies, Myths and Urban Legends
I have read gang training material from many sources that repeat misinformation about gangs as facts. This is not usually done as deception, but because the material was taken from unreliable sources such as gang informants, the Internet, newspaper articles and law enforcement "experts" who aren't really gang experts. Or even worse, it's plagiarized material from other bad sources.
Contrary to what these sources might report, the original Crips were not inspired by the politics of the Black Panthers. The word Crip was not originally an acronym for Community Revolution in Progress. And Tookie Williams was not the co-founder of the Crips.
There is no one "leader" of any Los Angeles traditional turf-oriented Latino street gang; they're not organized that way. The Mexican Mafia was not started by the mythical "13" original gang members, and the Mara Salvatrucha gang (MS-13) was not spawned in El Salvador.
Gangs vary from region to region and from state to state, therefore your gang expert should have worked with gangs from the region he or she is talking about. I see a lot of gang training material about California-based street and prison gangs coming from Florida and the D.C. area. Although these sources present material that is detailed and professionally presented, it completely misunderstands California's Latino "cholo" gangs and their alliances.
Obviously influenced by exposure to New York and Chicago-based Latino gangs, these sources attempt to attach traits common to the Latin Kings or Neta to Los Angeles-spawned MS-13 and other Sureño gangs. West Coast gangs are completely different that East Coast and Midwest gangs in style and structure.
This can be even more confusing when talking about prison gangs and security threat groups. The California Mexican Mafia is not the same as the Arizona or Texas Mexican Mafia. The Aryan Brotherhood also is different from state to state, and the Black Guerrilla Family can be known as the Black Liberation Army on the East Coast.
No offense, but a gang expert from Memphis can only teach you about what Blood gangs in Memphis, Tenn. And the expert from Little Rock, Ark., can only teach about Bloods in Little Rock. They act differently than the Bloods from their birthplace in Los Angeles. They have different alliances and are influenced by conflicts with regional local gangs.