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Richard Valdemar

Richard Valdemar

Sgt. Richard Valdemar retired from the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department after spending most of his 33 years on the job combating gangs.
Gangs

Blog - Gangs

Displaying 141  -  150  of  233
Image courtesy of Richard Valdemar.

The Wolf Pack Mentality  

March 9, 2010
Do not underestimate gang members because they are young or small, scrawny wolves. Maybe you have even encountered and dealt with several of them individually in the past. Maybe you know their names and their families. Don't assume that they will hesitate to attack you because you are bigger, better armed and capable of utilizing deadly force.
Surenos often imprint tattoos on themselves of "SUR" (Southern United Raza) and the number "13," a reference to the 13th letter of the alphabet, M, to show their allegiance to La Eme, the Mexican Mafia. Image courtesy of Richard Valdemar.

Sureño Tattoos and Symbols  

March 3, 2010
Sureños can be found in every major city in the U.S. They can be found in Canada, Mexico, Europe, and South America. The big transnational super gangs such as Florence, 18th Street, and Mara Salvatrucha threaten the stability of some Central American nations.
Graffiti referring to Los Angeles-based gangs is scrawled on a military vehicle in the Middle East. Image courtesy of Richard Valdemar.

Gangs in the Military: Loyalty to Homeboys or Homeland?  Law Enforcement Only

February 16, 2010
Web Extra: Read the National Gang Intelligence Center's Feb. 15 report on gang infiltration of law enforcement and corrections agencies.
Photo courtesy of [junio] Don't think just shoot

Criminal Gangs and the Perfect Storm  

February 2, 2010
If you live in one of the cities that accepted Katrina refugees, you know what followed. While most Katrina survivors were appreciative of their host communities and generally law abiding, the criminal element, mostly gangs, soon returned to their thug lifestyles.
Tavo (a gang moniker) poses for photos in homes in the Echo Park section of Los Angeles in the 1990s. Photo courtesy of Richard Valdemar.

Gangster Clothing: Dressing for Success In Prison  

January 25, 2010
No one in a predatory environment wanted tight, close-fitting clothing. Status in custody was displayed by wearing new, especially large baggy clothing, ironed or pressed to military-like creases.

In Foot Pursuit of a Grinch  

December 22, 2009
As we began our shift, we passed a residential area in the Mariana Maravillas gang turf. I saw two middle-aged men coming out of a sliding glass door at the side of one residence. The house was on my side (passenger side) of the car and like Santa Claus each man carried a big cloth bag slung over a shoulder. For a nanosecond one of the hype burglars' eyes met mine.
Tags: burglary

How to Assess Gang Threats   Law Enforcement Only

December 10, 2009
Most gangs frown on a policy of open Jihad against the police. Their natural enemies are not the police but rival gangs. Traditionally, the police were more of an annoyance and only collateral targets if at all.

The Grape Street Gang, the CCO, and Honcho Day  Law Enforcement Only

December 2, 2009
In the mid-1980s these crack and PCP drug wars exploded into unprecedented violence and open gang wars on the streets of Los Angeles and Compton. The evolution of fortified crack houses with iron sally port entrances and video surveillance and the appearance of gang members wearing body armor who engaged in firefights using military-style weapons and multiple shooters, forced the police to play catch-up tactically. And the cost in human lives was staggering.

The Rise of Muslim Gangs  

November 4, 2009
In 2001 large numbers of Somali immigrants began migrating to Maine bringing their clan rivalries and their love of khat with them. Since then these Somali rival gangs, or "clans" as they prefer, have taken root in such far flung U.S. cities as; Lewiston (Maine), Minneapolis-Saint Paul, Kansas City and Garden City (Kansas), and San Diego.
Photo courtesy of Leonard John Matthews (Flickr.com).

The Buela Street Witch  

October 29, 2009
Vetrovec and I were at the south window in hyper-vigilance mode, when one of the Geraghty homeboys pulled down the plywood covering the living room door, and the three Geraghty homeboys stepped inside.
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